InformNapalm volunteer intelligence community is publishing well documented evidence and investigations identifying a whole range of Russian-made main battle tanks (MBT), which have not been issued to the Ukrainian Army and have not been supplied to Ukraine.
Yet somehow, these modifications of Russian MBT types made their way to the occupied territory of Donbas. And the transfer of the hardware is carried out through non-controlled portions of the border of Ukraine with the Russian Federation in the areas of Luhansk and Donetsk Oblasts.
Through open source intelligence we identified and confirmed the presence of a number of Russian MBT modifications in the occupied territories, which could not have been captured from the Ukrainian army, as they are not in service with the armed forces of Ukraine.
T-72B, MBT 1989
Modernized version of the T-72 equipped with new armament and fire control systems, Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor (ERA), 9K120 Svir laser-guided antitank guided missile system (ATGM), B-84 engine, 1A40 fire control system and 2A46M smoothbore gun.
Never supplied to Ukraine. It has been identified in Luhansk, Debaltseve and Makiivka in numerous InformNapalm investigations. The 5th Armored Brigade of the Eastern Military District of Russia was identified as its operator.
T-72BA MBT 1999 model
A modernized modification of the T-72B, modernization is performed at the Uralvagonzavod factory within an overhaul. First tanks were delivered in 1999-2000. The modification included upgrading of 1A40-1 fire control system (initially to 1A40-1M, and as of 2005 to 1A40-M2), installation of a new 2E42-4 Jasmine gun stabilizer, enhanced anti-landmine bottom protection with an additional armor-plate under the driver seat, replacement of the chassis and the engine (initially, with B-84MS engine, as of 2003 – with B-92S2), and installation of Kontakt-5 ERA. The modified vehicle is set apart from the regular B model through treads, ERA and a distinctive wind sensor on the turret. Never supplied to Ukraine.
The destruction of Russian tanks of this modification was recorded near Starobesheve (Donetsk Oblast). Their operator was identified as the 21-th Motorized Rifle Brigade of the Russian Army.
T-72B3 MBT 2011 model
The upgraded version of the T-72. Supplied to the Russian Army from 2012. The tank is fitted with the latest fire control system, Kontakt-5 ERA, B-84-1 engine with 840 hp rated power, Sosna-U thermal imaging scope, a wind sensor, enhanced communication equipment, an advanced gun stabilizer and a protection system from weapons of mass destruction. It also received improved automatic gun loader for new munitions, and enhanced chassis with parallel hinge track chains. Never supplied to Ukraine.
It has been identified in Luhansk, Ilovaisk and Debaltseve in numerous InformNapalm investigations. A MBT of this modification was destroyed in the area Debaltseve. In service with 6th Armored Brigade of the Russian Armed Forces.
T-90A, MBT 2006 model
Modification of the T-90. It was fitted with up-to-date second-generation ESSA thermal imaging scope, stabilized in two planes and integrated with the main scope and its range-finding channel. This enhanced the night vision range from 1800 to 4000 m. Never supplied to Ukraine.
Identified by InformNapalm in Luhansk Oblast. In service with the 136-th Motorized Rifle Brigade of the Russian Armed Forces.
T-72S1, MBT model
The export version of the T-72B1, was supplied by Russia to Iran as well as Venezuela in 2011-2012. The main external difference from the T-72B is the TPN-3-49 night sight and the DVE-BS wind sensor. It was introduced into the Russian army in 1993, after the cancellation of a number of export sales. Never supplied to Ukraine. Identified by InformNapalm at a factory in Bile village (Luhansk Oblast) not far from the M04 motorway, 3 km west of Zbirna railway station.
While testing in Donbas new types of weaponry, military and political leadership of the Russian Federation is also flooding the occupied territory of Ukraine with the legacy Soviet-style weapons, such as:
- T-64 MBT;
- T-72B MBT, 1989 model;
- BM-21 Grad multiple rocket launcher;
- 2S1 Gvozdika 122mm self-propelled howitzer;
- Strela-10 anti-aircraft missile system;
- BMP-1 and BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles;
- MT-LB light multi-purpose armored towing vehicle;
- D-30 122 mm towed howitzer;
- 2A65 Msta-B 152 mm howitzer;
- MT-12 Rapira 100mm anti-tank gun.
These and other types of weapons at the disposal of Russian occupation forces in Donbas have been repeatedly documented in InformNapalm investigations. However, the evidence proving direct deliveries of these types of equipment to the militants from the Russian Federation is beyond the scope of this publication.
For more evidence deliveries of Russian weapons to the Donbas see the InformNapalm report which was presented at the PACE autumn session.